What is community settlement ?

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In Israel, a community settlement  is a settlement based on a social basis and therefore authorized  to sort those allowed to live there, but  there is no career guidance that requiring the residents to engage in particular, or as economic cooperation and group session.as kibbutz .

A community settlement ( Yishuv Kehilati ) is a type of  town  in Israel. While in an ordinary town anyone may buy property, in a community settlement the town’s residents, who are organized in a cooperative, can veto a sale of a house or a business to an undesirable buyer.

By this selection process, residents of a community settlement may have a particular shared  ideology , religious perspective, or desired  lifestyle which they wish to perpetuate by accepting only like-minded individuals. For example, a family-oriented community settlement that wishes to avoid becoming a retirement community may choose to accept only young married couples as new residents.

As explained above, what really sets apart a community settlement from an ordinary town is its ability to select its residents. However, when one looks at the 150 or so community settlements in Israel, more common features can be spotted in most, though not all, community settlements. These common features include

 Community settlements are predominantly rural and exurban. As explained above, the land of most community settlements is owned by the Israel Land Administration; One of this organization’s explicit goals is to populate Israel’s peripheral areas, rather than have the population continue to gravitate toward its central Gush Dan area

 Houses in Community settlements are predominantly, if not exclusively, single-family homes and not apartment buildings. One explanation for this is, again, the desire to spread-out the population. Another explanation is that the availability of affordable single-family houses is actually one the main attraction points of the new towns, which would otherwise not be very appealing to potential residents. Finally, building an apartment building is a much more complex financial enterprise for the cooperative than each family building its own home out of its own funds

 Community settlements are predominantly small, with a few hundreds of residents. This is caused by a combination of the town’s young age, the typically small area or land allocated to the town, and the desire to build only single-family houses. Many community settlements start out small, with only few dozen families, and over the years slowly grow and accept new families

 Residents of community settlements are typically very involved in their community. They know their neighbors well, they volunteer for various committees which run the town and its facilities, and they often meet together for various events and celebrations. A genuine feeling of community is often felt in these settlements, which is why that word was chosen to describe this form of settlement. The strong sense of community is of course made possible by the small size of the towns, and also by favoring applicants who seek strong community ties over applicants who seek to live within their own four walls without ever seeing a neighbor

 Most community settlements are small, with no more than several hundred residents, and are therefore too small to form their own separate formal municipalities. Instead, the residents’ cooperative is recognized by the state of Israel as a local committee. Several such local committees can, for example, form together a regional council, which is one of the three types of local government in Israel. In practice, the regional council often has more impact on the resident’s life than the cooperative of their own settlement: It is the regional council which will normally run schools, build roads, collect property taxes, and even run its own screening process

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